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Pine Rivers Catchment Association
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Resources

What is a Catchment?

A catchment is an area of land bounded by natural features such as hills or mountains, from which all runoff water flows to a low point - like rain on a roof flowing to a downpipe. In the case of a catchment, low points include any body of water such as a creek, river, lake, estuary, wetland, sea or ocean.

Catchments may also be referred to as a catchment area; drainage, river or water basin; or a watershed.

Catchments vary in size. Large catchments may be bound by mountain ranges and include a large network of many creeks and rivers. These networks can be broken up into smaller sub-catchments, bound by lower hills and ridges and drained by smaller creeks or gullies. The Pine Rivers Catchment Map shows the entire catchment and the smaller sub-catchments.

How each of these sub-catchments are managed affects the overall larger catchment, as what occurs upslope affects areas downslope and what occurs upstream can affect what goes on downstream and vice versa.

Thinking about planting trees to enhance the environment?

The most appropriate areas or sites are:

  • Bushland were there are gaps in the canopy
  • Creek banks (riparian zones) to restore the waterway
  • Open areas where shade is required
  • Creating wildlife corridors between neighbours properties

Planting out your Plot

The main aim is to close the canopy within a couple of years to minimise weed growth. As growth varies from site to site depending on factors such as soil type, climate, aspect, elevation, rainfall and existing or previous land uses, please use this information as a general guide. Trial and error will help you to determine what works on your property.

General Spacing Guide

  • 5m Trees
  • 3m Shrubs
  • 50cm - 1m Ground Covers

A good idea to help you determine spacing for your site is to find a similar natural site with natural/native vegetation and look at its spacing. Mimic the spacing and layout of plants to create a similar looking plot.

To fast track your learning you may want to consider joining your local Bushcare group for a while to get in some hands-on practice. We also recommend that you attend local workshops for more advice on technique.

Once the numbers of plants you require is established, contact your local native nursery who propagate plants from local native seed. They can often help you to determine which plants to use from your species list. You may need to shop around to get a good diversity of species.

Link to local native nurseries

Pine Rivers Community Nursery, (Kumbartcho) Kumbartcho Sanctuary, Eatons Hill -
http://kumbartcho.org.au

Caboolture Environmental Education Centre (CREEC), Burpengary - http://www.creec.org.au

Greening Australia Nursery, The Gap -
http://www.greeningaustralia.org.au/community/qld

How to Plant a Tree

Below are some basic guidelines to follow when planting. It is advisable to wear gloves to protect yourself from injury, soil pathogens and any herbicides that may have been sprayed.

  • Dig a hole that is deeper than the seedling pot. At least half the depth and twice the width extra is a good measure.
     
  • Remove the plant gently from its container. Be careful not to tear the leaves or roots. If it's hard to remove, try inverting the pot keeping your fingers securely around the base of the plant and gently squeezing the sides or tapping the bottom of the pot.
     
  • Place the plant gently in the hole and hold in place.
  • Fill around the plant with soil without leaving any air gaps. Make sure the top of the soil just covers the top of the root system of the plant, but by no more than about one or two centimetres
  • Make sure the plant root system is not set above the
    soil surface, try to have the backfilled plant sitting in
    a slight depression or well so that it will attract and
    retain water.
     
  • Make sure the plant is standing straight.
     
  • Press the soil down firmly to remove air pockets and add plenty of mulch (10 cm thick is great) around the base to reduce water loss and weed invasion.
     
  • If you have tree guards, place them carefully around the plant. For plastic sleeves use 3 stakes - put 2 stakes in around the plant, then the sleeve over these and use the third stake to make sure you have a nice taught triangle.
     
  • Water the plant. This will also help to get rid of air pockets. You may need to water new plants fairly regularly until they are established, especially in hot conditions. Be mindful of over watering as you do not want your plants becoming water dependant.

Be careful not to tread on any plants as you walk away!

Make sure you take all your equipment with you.

If you have used a tree guard - When your plant grows a
short distance above the top of the tree guard remove the
tree guard. This prevents littering and the guard can then
be reused.

Weed Control and Maintenance

We recommend using a good quality garden mulch to help the soil retain moisture and inhibit weed growth. In areas where there is a high flood potential, mulch may not be suitable. In this case you may need to spot spray emerging weeds using a bioactive herbicide which is a non-residual systemic weedkiller that is suitable for use on or near aquatic areas. This also allows you to closely monitor the progress and success of your planting. For free advice on what herbicides to use for particular weeds, please refer to the DAFF Weed Fact Sheets at
http://www.daff.qld.gov.au

Controlling Erosion

In Australia, poor management, or lack of management, has led to the substantial degradation of riparian lands. The removal, fragmentation and drastic alteration of vegetation cover, combined with changed flow regimes has increased the incidence of bank erosion, resulting in a loss of agricultural land during floods, changes to river shape and decreased water quality.

Healthy Waterways offers a ‘Water by Design’ program which is a capacity building program that supports the uptake of Water Sensitive Urban Design in South East Queensland.
For more information visit 
http://www.waterbydesign.com.au

Also for general soil erosion information visit
http://www.nrm.qld.gov.au/land/management/erosion

Maximise wildlife habitat on your property. Wildlife that can be found in our local area:

  • Birds and Butterflys
  • Koala
  • Frogs
  • Freshwater turtles
  • Platypus and echidna
  • Kangaroos and wallabies
  • Possums and gliders
  • Flying foxes and bats
  • Quolls
  • Bandicoot
  • Potaroos, Bettongs and Rat-Kangaroo
  • Pademelons
  • Lizards and snakes
  • Drive carefully with wildlife in mind.

Wildlife corridors are areas of natural habitat that create links between larger areas of undisturbed natural habitat. Wildlife utilise these corridors to safely move from one place to the next. In urban and rural environments, backyards act as corridors between parks and reserves.

Does your backyard offer a safe place for wildlife to move through?

Things to think of include:

  • Keep your pets inside at night and put a bell on your pets collar
  • Ensure fences allow wildlife to cross them
  • Do you have wildlife friendly plants (food and shelter)?

Land for Wildlife (LFW)

is a unique, voluntary program which provides resources to private land holders and community groups managing land with existing wildlife habitat, as well as to those working hard to re-establish habitat through revegetation and restoration projects. Members enjoy benefits such as: A property assessment and management advice; Regular newsletters; Technical notes with detailed conservation information; Workshops, activities and field days, and free participation in Council's environmental activities program.
http://www.moretonbay.qld.gov.au/landforwildlife

Backyards for Wildlife (BWF)

is a regional program that supports and recognises the efforts of owners of smaller bushland blocks to preserve local wildlife habitat and link wildlife corridors in the urban environment. As a landholder you must be motivated and committed to supporting nature conservation on your property by managing it in a way that clearly enhances the local environment. For more information on either of the above programs, visit
http://www.moretonbay.qld.gov.au/backyardsforwildlife

Creating wildlife friendly habitats you will find lots of helpful info about turning your own backyard into wildlife friendly habitat on the council website.

Dealing with wildlife disturbances and living with wildlife, visit the Qld Governments Environment and Resource Management website for fantastic fact sheets on living with wildlife (eg. Bats, possums, magpies, turkeys, snakes etc.) http://www.derm.qld.gov.au

The following link takes you to a website specifically designed to help you identify the difference between frogs and toads. Visit: www.frogsnotcanetoads.com.au

Some Useful Tools:
 

Books:

•http://prca01.jchmedia.com/AdminConsoleXT/# Mountains to Mangroves, Logan River Branch S.G.A.P (QLD Region) Inc.

• Living with the Environment, John Bowden for Moreton Bay Regional Council.

• Living with the Environment, brochure series, Moreton Bay Regional Council.

• Land and Water Australia, http://lwa.gov.au

• Horse Property Management Booklet, Contact PRCA for your free booklet.

wheel Become A Volunteer


Catchment Coordinator
Ph: (07) 3325 1577
Mob: 0438 199 102
Email:
catchmentcoordinator@prca.org.au

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letter2 Contact


Catchment Coordinator
Ph: (07) 3325 1577
Mob: 0438 199 102
Email:
catchmentcoordinator@prca.org.au